Rancho Santa Fe & Fairbanks Ranch
Rancho Santa Fe & Fairbanks Ranch
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Rancho Santa Fe has its origins as Rancho San Dieguito, a Mexican land grant made during 1836–1845 to Juan María Osuna (the first mayor or alcalde of the San Diego area).
In 1906 it was sold to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company, which renamed it after the second transcontinental railroad to reach California. By 1922 a new suvey showed that the new land Company owned 8,796.23 acres.
Officials of the Santa Fe Railway needed satisfactory material for railroad ties, and since the Rancho San Dieguito could be supplied with sufficient water from wells and the nearby river, eucalyptus seedlings were imported from Australia and planting began in January 1907.
The Railway planted extensive groves of eucalyptus trees in the hope of having a near-inexhaustible supply of raw material for the railway ties they needed to expand their Western American market. Eucalyptus wood, however, proved too brittle; unable to hold railway spikes.
Additional planting of other non-native trees and shrubbery were seen as an enhancement to the environment of Rancho Santa Fe.
One Sydney Nelson, about whom little else is known, helped finance the purchase of the ten square mile plot, as well as the construction of a golf course (today the main course of the Rancho Santa Fe Golf Club).
Rancho Santa Fe gained popularity between World War I and World War II, especially following the construction of the Del Mar Racetrack. Bing Crosby is credited as an "early settler", hosting annual parties on the golf course at the Club. The present-day luxury tract home development "The Crosby Estates" stands on the site of his former estate.
In addition to many notable Hollywood figures (Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford) who played important roles in the founding and popularization of this resort town/area.
Rancho Santa Fe was chosen to host the equestrian events during the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Schools are located within the Rancho Santa Fe School District
Nearby Rancho Santa Fe is the gated community of Fairbanks Ranch (Solana Beach School District)
The entire population of Fairbanks Ranch is contained within two gated communities, divided into North and South sections by the formerly private San Dieguito Road. It is commonly considered to be part of the Rancho Santa Fe area within San Diego County, and is even included within the proposed boundaries for the city of Rancho Santa Fe.
Communities within the community of Rancho Santa Fe are….
The Covenant: refers to the original planned community of Rancho Santa Fe.
Rancho Santa Fe Groves: a gated community on the northeast border of the Covenant set in an Orange grove.
Cielo: a gated community east of the Covenant and bordered by Del Dios Highway.
Santa Fe Hills: a community of 31 homes located directly East of the Covenant and West of Del Sur.
The Crosby: a gated community east of the Covenant and bordered by Del Dios Highway.
Morgan Run: a golf course community surrounded by the Morgan Run Golf Course in the southern portion of Rancho Santa Fe.
Fairbanks Ranch: The Crosby, Hacienda Santa Fe, The Summit, Del Rayo, The Bridges, Rancho La Cima: The River Estates.
BROKER - REALTOR®