El Cajon Homes for Sale
El Cajon, CA
zip codes : 92019, 92020 and 92021
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Nestled in a valley surrounded by mountains, the city has acquired the nickname of "The Box". Its name originated similarly, from the Spanish phrase "el cajón", which means "the box" or "the drawer".
Geography and climate
The United States Census Bureau mentions the city having a total area of 14.4 square miles, all land. It is bordered by San Diego and La Mesa on the west, Spring Valley on the south, Santee on the north, and unincorporated San Diego County on the east. It includes the neighborhoods of Fletcher Hills, Bostonia, and Rancho San Diego.
El Cajon has Mediterranean climate and Semi-moistureless (arid) climate . As a result, its often described as "arid Mediterranean" and "Semi-arid". Like most of inland areas in Southern California, the climate varies dramatically within a short distance, known as microclimate. El Cajon's climate has greater extremes compared to coastal San Diego. The farther east from the coast, the more arid the climate gets, until one reaches the mountains, where precipitation increases due to orographic uplift.
El Cajon's climate is warm during summer with temperatures averaging 70.1 °F or higher and cool during winter with mean temperatures averaging 55.4 °F or higher.
The warmest month of the year is August with an average maximum temperature of 88.1 °F , while the coldest month of the year is December with an average minimum temperature of 40.3 °F.
Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate with an average difference of 24°F during the summer, and an average difference of 26°F during the winter.
The annual average precipitation at El Cajon is 11.96 inches . Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the winter months, but rare in summer. The wettest month of the year is March with an average rainfall of 2.66 inches .
The record high temperature was 113 °F on June 14, 1917; September 1, 1955; July 22, 2006; and September 27, 2010. The record low temperature was 19 °F on January 8, 1913. The wettest year was 1941 with 28.14 inches and the dryest year was 1989 with 1.51 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 11.43 inches in January 1993. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 5.60 inches on January 27, 1916. A rare snowfall in November 1992 totaled 0.3 inches. 3 inches of snow covered the ground in January 1882.
El Cajon is located on the Rancho El Cajon Mexican land grant made in 1845 to María Antonia Estudillo, wife of Miguel Pedrorena. In 1876 Amaziah Lord Knox (1833-1918), a New Englander who had recently moved to California, established a hotel there to serve the growing number of people traveling between San Diego and Julian, where gold had been discovered in 1869. Room and board for a guest and horse cost $1 a night. The area became known as Knox's Corners and was later renamed.
El Cajon was incorporated as a city in 1912. A portion of the western boundary of the city follows the eastern boundary of a similar land grant, made under Spanish law (prior to Mexican independence) to the Mission San Diego de Alcala.
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